BLOCK 4: Imaging Basics & Hemodynamics

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- List the standard imaging views obtained during surface echocardiography
- Identify anatomical structures of the heart in different standard imaging views

- Explain the relationship between blood flow and blood velocity
- Describe time-velocity integral and its relationship to stroke distance
- Explain how can blood flow be derived from blood velocity acquired from echocardiography
- Describe how to derive stroke volume on echocardiography, including where measurements should be performed
- Understand the relationship between time-voltage integral and stroke volume

- Explain how to measure pressure gradients using echocardiography
- Describe how to derive and when to use the
*modified*and*simplified*Bernoulli equations to determine pressure gradients between chambers - Calculate
*instantaneous*and*mean*pressure gradients between chambers - Identify sources of error when trying to measure pressure gradients between chambers
- Determine the right ventricular systolic pressure, pulmonary artery diastolic pressure, and left ventricular end diastolic pressure

- Explain what pressure half time is
- Describe how to obtain pressure half time from Doppler echocardiography
- Recognize clinical applications of pressure half time and conditions that influence it

- Describe the continuity equation
- Identify clinical applications of the continuity equation
- Explain how to determine valve area using the continuity equation
- Describe advantages of the continuity equation
- Describe the proximal isovelocity surface area in relation to the continuity equation and its clinical application

Progress

Instructors

GCU Education Team

Physician Educators

Physician Educators